South Africa’s phases highlight a longer process of evolution
written by Heidi van Deventer
Finalised 10 February 2019
Many South Africans continuously debate which chart should be used for directing understanding and forecasting of evolutionary development in South Africa. Arguments for the Republic of South Africa (RSA) is usually given preference by traditional astrologers, dating it to 31 May 1961 noon. Modern and evolutionary astrologers argue for the use of the most recent first democratic elections of South Africa, on 26 April 1994, and maintain that the historic chart of the RSA still resonates with events occurring after 1994. In addition, it is unclear whether the 00:00 chart of 07:00 for the 26 April 1994 should be used, relating to the raising of the new flag or the opening of the polls respectively.
In this article, three hypotheses are presented: (i) that a country will have several phasal charts, and that events could relate to both the most recent phasal chart of the country, as well as historic charts. (ii) Developmental events are best understood against the most recent phasal chart of the country, since it is entrenched in the daily lives of people, while the same events cast against the historical phasal charts show the causality of the karmatic theme. (iii) Phasal charts can result from more than a name change, but also changes in the constitution, boundary and the majority party ruling the country. These arguments are supported by a selected number of event examples, set against several phases that have developed in South Africa since 1900, but does not present sufficient examples of cases to sustain the arguments presented. The choice of the 1994 chart at 07:00 am, when people started to vote, is presented as the preferred chart of 1994. Arguments for the use of the midnight chart, when the flag were raised, and the 07:00 time remains to be explored more in future analysis.
South Africa has phasal charts reflecting evolutionary themes and progressive developments
The first chart which reflects the current boundaries of modern South Africa, is the 1910 Union of South Africa chart (Figure 1). Several discoveries of the coastline of South Africa has taken place by Portuguese seafarers, followed by a number of attempts to colonise the southern tip of the African continent. The establishment of a docking station by the VOC was often cited during the years of Apartheid as the founding date of South Africa. However, this event (Inset 1) is related to a single company without a constitution and official boundaries, legislation and policies comparable to the modern-day charts of 1910, 1961, and 1994.
Inset 1: 7 am chart of the arrival of five ships from the Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) at the southern Cape of Africa. The VOC intended to establish a docking station for trade between Europe and Asia.
The argument presented in this article is that a country develops in phases of evolution and that phases are initiated through either name changes, boundary changes, or changes in their constitution. Events which occur during the course of time will reflect the karma of historic phases and show the developmental progress on the specific theme. Events mapped against the onset chart of the most recent phase reflect how the consciousness is evolving through the current group of people reincarnated and the governance regime (through its name, constitution, boundaries and legislations/policies in place). Although both the historic charts and most recent phasal chart are useful in bringing broader perspective, the latter is more informative of current means of developments.
The Union of South Africa promulgates the Natives Land Act of 1913, leading to segregated land ownership
Take for example the distribution of land in South Africa. The topic remains relevant to the current day South Africa, yet originated more than a hundred years ago. The segregation of land ownership has been legislated in 19131, as an event related to the phase of the Union of South Africa (Figure 1). The Union of South Africa largely determined the boundaries of the country and the four capitals (Cape Town –- legislative, Pretoria – administrative, Bloemfontein – judicial and Pietermaritzburg – archival). These boundaries and capital cities were inherited from historic developments of the four colonies (Cape, Natal, Transvaal and Orange River) and are still recognised today as the country boundaries and four capitals. Racial division of land ownership was instigated through the Natives Land Act (Box 1), which determined geographically who may own the land and where ‘tribes’ had been allowed to own land. In protest against the upcoming segregation of land, several intellectual black leaders united, irrespective of their different tribal orientation, as a party called the South African Native Convention (SANC). They went to London to see the British Queen and plea for racially inclusivity and equality in the new constitution of the Union of South Africa but were considered unsuccessful2.
|Box 1: The Natives Land Act (No. 27 of 1913) was passed to allocate only about 7% of arable land to Africans and leave the more fertile land for whites. This law incorporated territorial segregation into legislation for the first time since Union in 1910. 1|
In Figure 1, the noon charts for the Union of South Africa and the passing of the Natives Land Act is displayed as the inner and outer charts in a bi-wheel respectively. In the chart of the Union of South Africa, Saturn is in the early degrees of Taurus, symbolising the formal demarcation of territory. Saturn is the dispositor of Uranus at 25° Capricorn, reflecting the control of the elite of the land. The North Node of the Moon is also at 28° Taurus, with Chiron and the Moon squaring the Nodes from Pisces. The ruler of the North Node is Venus, at nearly 27° Aries, conjunct to Saturn, emphasizing the control of land and resources imposed by the British Government and elite. This chart sets the karmic evolution of the fight for land and resources, though earlier charts of the Transvaal Republic and British Empire may reflect earlier conflict around resources.
The event chart of the Natives Land Act shows transiting Mars exactly conjunct natal Saturn at 1°33-45’ of Taurus. This reflects the actual implementation of the decision into practice. Transiting Neptune at 25° of Pisces is highly symbolic of the tremendous loss of people’s ancestral land and what they have occupied and owned to date. Remember this was a longer-term process where the southern tip of Africa has experienced a continuous influx of people via land and sea 500 years, with a severe impact and decline on the native Khoi-San people who have occupied the southern tip of Africa. Transiting Neptune in Cancer dissolves security and tribal ownership, as is also reflected in the mass flights of tribes inland and away from the fearful Mfecane/Difaqane campaign of Shaka Zulu between 1818-1828, where an estimate of 1 – 2.5 million people was massacred3. Just prior to the formation of the Union of South Africa, the second Boer War took place between 1899-1902 (Uranus in Sagittarius opposed Pluto 16° Gemini) taking the lives of approximately 60,000 people4. Under the Scorched Earth policy of Lord Kitchner, the bond and security that Afrikaans farmers had with their homesteads, were burnt to the ground, livestock killed, women and children sent to concentration camps and men to exile. At the time of the Natives Land Act, transiting Neptune makes an exact opposition to Uranus at 25° Capricorn in the chart of the Union of South Africa, reflecting the loss of tribal land and security and the masses, as a result of imperial dictatorship of the elite. Interestingly, the transiting Sun-Pluto conjunction in Gemini reflects the new phase of segregation of the diverse cultures of South Africa.
Figure 1: The event of the passing of the Natives Land Act against the chart of the Union of South Africa
Several resistance and cultural organisations united in the formation of the African National Congress (ANC) in 1912 (Figure 2, using a noon chart)5. The ANC primarily had a focus to fight the injustice of the unequal distribution of resources and the land. It is, therefore, not surprising at all that the North Node of the ANC is transiting Venus in Aries in the chart of the Union of South Africa, while the ruler of this North Node, transiting Mars, was conjunct the Taurus North Node of the Union. Transiting Saturn was at the midpoint of the transiting north node in Aries, and the Mars ruler and transiting Chiron was now exact on the Moon in Pisces (again, similar to transiting Neptune in Cancer, a loss of security and tribal customs, lineage and belonging). In addition, transiting Jupiter in Sagittarius opposes the Gemini Sun of the Union. The fight was on, for not only land rights, but an ideological fight for the right to live; the right to exist.
Figure 2: Event chart of the formation of the African National Congress (ANC) against the chart of the Union of South Africa
The Natives Land Act allocated 7,13% of the extent of South Africa to people of colour. In 1936, the intention to extend this to a little more than 13,6%, was passed through the Native Trust and Land Act, 1936 (Act No. 18 of 1936)6. To meet this target, land was purchased as late as 1972, however by 1982 the target was considered not met. The agricultural potential of the homelands, as it later was called, was considered low, rendering an approximate 61% of the population into poverty and malnourishment (see again the strong emphasis of Chiron-Moon in Pisces square the nodal axis of the Union’s chart, Figure 1).
Apartheid enforces racial segregation
The period between 1948 and 1994 in South Africa, totalling nearly 50 years, was called ‘Apartheid’ and “is distinguished from segregation in other countries by the systematic way in which it was formalised in law.” 5. While the boundaries of the homelands were kept intact, several legislative reforms were passed in the 1950s to ensure that cultural segregation was further entrenched. A huge amount of legislation was passed to tighten control and strictly regulate aspects of life including job reservation and economic benefits, access to public amenities and cities, access to quality of education (primary to tertiary levels), political representation, and even intimacy through prescribing prohibited racial relationships7. Tighter control lead to mass action by the, well, masses – the majority of the population (Box 2).
One of the most published events of the Apartheid phase of South Africa is the Sharpeville massacre (Box 3)9. The massacre was not as extensive compared to the earlier massacres, however, it drew international attention with increased pressure to abolish Apartheid laws and policies. Following a referendum on 5 October 1960, South Africa decided to leave their trade partners and become a Republic [May 31, 1961@ 0:00, Pretoria].
Republic of South Africa
With the RSA inaugurated on the 31st of May, same day as the original union (Figure 5), places the Sun of the RSA at the same degree at the Union’s chart at 9° Gemini, but now squaring the Nodes which have advanced to the Pluto-Chiron opposition, elevating the Virgo-Pisces polarity. Pluto on the North Node in Virgo symbolises the tremendous direction and initiatives to control and tighten policies to benefit from controlling the masses. Transiting Saturn is anaretic in Capricorn, though retrograde, showing a period of firm control will still manifest, yet, also the potential and looming downfall of the Apartheid government, their policies and legislation is captured clearly and graphically..
Figure 3: Chart of the Republic of South Africa (outer, midnight chart) casted against the noon chart of the Union of South Africa.
|Box 2: The period 1950 -1952 began with a commitment to militant African nationalism and mass action and to tactics of boycotts, strikes and civil disobedience. The period culminated in the Defiance Campaign, the largest scale non-violent resistance ever seen in South Africa and the first campaign pursued jointly by all racial groups under the leadership of the ANC and the South African Indian Congress (SAIC).8|
In Figure 4, the Sharpeville massacre is cast against the chart of the Union of South Africa. Transiting Pluto is at 4° Virgo, opposing the Union’s Chiron-Moon conjunction in Pisces. Transiting Chiron is anaretic at the last degrees of Aquarius, closing to a Chiron return. The transiting Pluto-Chiron opposition squares the Union’s natal Sun. Transiting Saturn is conjunct the Sun of the SANC (founding chart of the ANC) at 17° Capricorn.
|Box 3: After a day of demonstrations against past laws, a crowd of about 5,000 to 7,000 protesters went to the police station. The South African Police opened fire on the crowd, killing 69 people and injuring 180 others. Sources disagree as to the behaviour of the crowd; some state that the crowd was peaceful, while others state that the crowd had been hurling stones at the police, and that the shooting started when the crowd started advancing toward the fence around the police station. There were 249 casualties in total, including 29 children. Many sustained back injuries from being shot as they fled.
Excerpt from Wikipedia on the Sharpeville massacre7.
Figure 4: Event chart of the Sharpeville tragedy (noon chart) against the chart of the Union of South Africa (noon chart).
Violence escalated during the Defiance Campaign to such a degree that both the State and resistance parties prepared for war. Subsequent to Sharpeville, uMkhonto we Sizwe (MK in short), the armed wing of the ANC was created in 1961, with several members, such as Jacob Zuma (who became president of the country 9 May 2009 – 14 February 2018) receiving training in Russia10. Since 6 November 1962, the United Nations General Assembly passed several resolutions in condemnation of Apartheid. It was only in 1986 that South Africa’s trade partners (USA, EC and Japan) instituted sanctions against the Apartheid policies. In early 1989, Mr F.W. de Klerk becomes President, leading the way for reform.
The demise of the Apartheid era, the inauguration of Mr De Klerk prompted the release of Mr Nelson Mandela from prison, with transiting Pluto at 17° Scorpio that squares the transiting Nodal Axis with the South Node on the Mars of the RSA chart, as if to show that the battle of the masses has been won. Transiting Mars/Uranus at 9° of Capricorn (liberation) and transiting Saturn/Neptune conjuncts near 20° Capricorn (dissolving of the current governmental structures).
Figure 5: Chart of the Republic of South Africa (inner circle) and the noon chart of the release of Nelson Mandela from prison.
Developmental events are best understood against the most recent phasal chart of a country
The “new” South Africa
The new South African chart, timed for 07:00 am on 27 April 1994 when the polls opened for the first democratic election, shows the South Node in the early degrees of Taurus, and its ruler, Venus, in the early degrees of Gemini (Figure 6B inner circle). The story of these archetypes can vividly relate to the concerns of racial segregation (Gemini) and of resources and land (Venus and Taurus). The North Node in the new South African chart is loaded with the Moon conjunct ruler Pluto at 26-27° of Scorpio, showing a tremendous need to attain and secure power, while at a psychological level, an immense amount of processing is needed to deal with the loss and lack of recognition of the past.
Two incidents are investigated to illustrate the phasal development of an event against the evolutionary charts of the country. The first is the inauguration of South Africa’s current president, Mr Cyril Ramaphosa, against the RSA and 1994 democratic elections chart, while the second is the most recent announcement of the National State of the Disaster, as a result of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Inauguration of Ramaphosa as president
The inauguration chart for newly elected president, Mr Ramaphosa, shows relationships with both the RSA and new South African charts, having lived through both periods as an opponent to the Apartheid government, as well as the current president of new South Africa (Figure 7a). Very clearly, transiting Mars in the inaugural chart opposes the RSA Sun at 9° Gemini, and being angular in the 10th house of the RSA chart, this Mars would reflect tendencies to oppose and break down what the State is trying to create. In addition, the north node of the Moon in the inaugural chart is conjunct the RSA Mars which widely conjuncts Uranus, showing the need of this person to implement a revolution against the former Apartheid State.
Figure 7: The inauguration of Mr Ramaphosa as president against (a) the RSA chart and (b) the new South African chart.
The inaugural chart against the new South African chart shows the transiting nodal axis of the moon in Leo-Aquarius, angular to the 4th-10th house of the new South African chart (Figure 7b). Such a transit is explicit of a new phase in leadership (10th house and Leo-Aquarius axis). Both the rulers of the north and south nodes of the Moon’s axis in the inaugural chart aspect the Neptune-Uranus conjunction in the 9th house of the new South Africa’s chart (revolutionary new legislation which may bring equality to the masses, as one interpretation). Transiting Saturn at 6° Capricorn trines the natal Sun of the new South Africa chart at 6° Taurus. Transiting Jupiter conjuncts the north node of the new South Africa chart, showing the expectations of many South Africans, that Mr Ramaphosa will be an asset to the country, turning around the deficit economy, expanding it to a resourceful country where multiple cultures will unite to build and restore the losses of the past.
In the inaugural chart of Mr Ramaphosa as president of the new South Africa, it is evident that the event chart showed closer relationship and meaning against the context of the new South Africa, compared to the RSA chart. These events occur as a result of the development of issues in relationship to the most recent change of South African government, constitution, legislation, policies, and leadership. Yet the event chart showed aspects to both the RSA and new South African charts, with valid interpretations. In the case of individuals who have lived across phases of a country, their roles change as the governance and ideals of a country changes across its phases. It is therefore recommended that events are cast against the most recent phasal chart of a country to understand an event’s role in the current development and evolution of a country. Historical phases will likely not provide understanding for current affairs, if new events are cast against historical phasal charts. Interestingly, casting some events, such as the inauguration of a person as president, may resonate with the changing role of the person in the different phases of the country. This possibility was, however, not well explored, since Mr Ramaphosa’s chart was not cast against the RSA and new South African charts, but deductions were made based only on the inauguration chart.
To conclude on the land matter, Mr Ramaphosa promised that land will be taken away without compensation and given to former disadvantaged South Africans following the National Elections of 8 May 2019. Although land reform and restitution processes have been ongoing since 1994, the programme has been condemned to be too slow and not addressing the wrongs of the past, referring to the 1913 Natives Land Act. The event chart of the National Elections of 8 May 2019, shows transiting Uranus at 3° of Taurus, conjunct the Saturn at 2° of Taurus in the Union’s chart. In addition, transiting Pluto at 23° Capricorn, conjuncts Uranus of the Unions chart and Neptune of the RSA chart. Just through this example, it is clear that events create karmic themes which, as usual, are tackled by future generations, but the event charts of a country reflect the repercussions of such events and how they evolve over time.
President Ramaphosa announces the National State of Disaster
On 15 March 2020, President Ramaphosa activates the National Disaster (according to the Disaster Management Act, Act No. 57 of 2002), a day before the first person in South Africa succumbs to the disease11. The activation of a law for protecting citizen against a disaster is best displayed in the new South African chart of 1994 (Figure 8b), where the natal Neptune-Uranus conjunction in Capricorn symbolises the aspirations of the new South Africa for fair and just laws (9th house and planets in Capricorn), in particular the right to freedom (Uranus in the 9th house) of all people (Neptune conjunct Uranus). Mars transiting the 9th house in the new South Africa chart squares the cusp of the 6th house, symbolising a viral infection brought to South Africa via people returning from foreign travels. Transiting Hygeia in the first house conjuncts the natural ruler of the 6th house cusp – natal Venus in Gemini – shows that the virus will most likely impact those with already compromised respiratory systems, with a large number of South Africans suffering from tuberculosis. The Jupiter-Saturn-Pluto transit to the natal Neptune-Uranus conjunction will most definitely result in an extensive period of impact, with the government looking for foreign relief grants to manage an already-collapsing economy.
In contrast, the transiting Jupiter-Saturn-Pluto occurs in the 11th house of the RSA chart (Figure 8a), with no exact activation of degrees or planets associated with a national disaster or pandemic, for a long period of time.
Figure 8: President Ramaphosa activates the National State of Disaster as even chart against (a) the RSA chart and (b) the new South African chart.
A phasal chart is more than a name change
Three phasal charts of South Africa, related to the declaration as a Union (1910), a Republic (1961) and the new South Africa (1994) has been presented up to this point. In all three of these phases, significant changes in the ruling party resulted in legislative and policy changes, with events ear-marking developments which took place as part of the evolution of the country. In the change of the Union to a Republic, the name of the country has changed. The Flag of South Africa, however, was inaugurated only in 1928 and used till 1994, and therefore has not changed with the change to the Republic. Despite the change in name from Union to Republic, the legislation of segregated land ownership was retained and further legislation implemented to further enforce racial and economic segregation. These legislative decisions of the Union and Republic still directs the karma and responses of future phases of South Africa.
In 1994, the first democratic election of South Africa lead to a whole new constitution, the abolishment of the homeland boundaries and Apartheid legislation, a new ruling party, new provincial boundaries, new structures of government, and a new flag. Some South African astrologers, however, argue that since the name of the country has remained the same (Republic of South Africa), events should be cast against the RSA chart of 1961, and not the 1994 chart at all. Evidence was presented in this article which suggests the contrary. It shows that regardless of the country remaining a republic or “RSA” and using the currency used during Apartheid, events have better meaning interpreted against the most recent phasal chart of South Africa, which is the 1994 chart. Although the 1961 RSA chart may still resonate to events, it presents the historic context under which South Africa has evolved, providing reasons for the karmic themes that may come up, or perpetuated by the older generation through the means of indoctrination. The most recent phasal chart of a country presents the consciousness of people along the evolutionary tract of a country, and particularly the new consciousness of the youth which had not been part of the former phases.
Often a multiple number of charts are associated with a country, along with significant events that change history. South Africa is used as a case study to show how phasal charts of a country build on karmic themes from the previous phases, and how key events demonstrate the consciousness of that phase. The South African 1994 chart better explains the current events in the context of the current and evolving consciousness compared to former historic phasal charts. Phasal charts are cast when a significant change in rulership, the constitution, legislation and boundaries change, not only when the name or flag is changed.
I would like to thank Richelle Steyn for providing a first review on this article in December 2017, as well as Donna Young, who undertook an editorial review of the article following a submission to the Organization of Professional Astrologers in 2018. Their edits have been incorporated in this version of the article.
- The Native Land Act is passed. Available on: https://www.sahistory.org.za/dated-event/native-land-act-passed
- Constructing the Union of South Africa; negotiations & contestations, 1902-10. Available online at: https://www.sahistory.org.za/article/constructing-union-south-africa-negotiations-contestations-1902-10
- Wikipedia: List of massacres in South Africa. Available online at : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_massacres_in_South_Africa
- Second Boer War records database goes online. Available online at: https://www.bbc.com/news/10390469
- Wikipedia: History of the African National Congress. Available online at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_African_National_Congress
- Wikipedia: The Native Trust Land Act of 1936. Available online at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_Trust_and_Land_Act,_1936
- Wikipedia: Apartheid legislation. Available online at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Apartheid_legislation
- The Defiance Campaign. Available online at : https://www.sahistory.org.za/article/defiance-campaign-1952
- Wikipedia: Sharpeville massacre. Available online at:
- Wikipedia: Foreign relations of South Africa during apartheid. Available online at:
- Ramaphosa declares National State of Disaster, enforces travel bans amid COVID-19 pandemic. Available online at https://www.sabcnews.com/sabcnews/ramaphosa-declares-national-state-of-disaster-enforces-travel-bans-amid-covid-19-pandemic/